Education as a fundamental right cannot be denied in any democratic society. It is the duty of the Government to provide for and guarantee this fundamental right. The Right to Education Bill (RTE) provides a unified framework for enacting the 86th amendment of the Indian constitution, which guarantees this right to all it’s citizens. In 2006, the Indian Government decided to drop the long pending RTE Bill and pass it on to the State Governments as a model bill.
Many NGOs and people's movements are actively working towards pushing the government to table the bill once more in the parliament. Here are a few links and a reading list: